Tithe was a tax on all agricultural land (originally one tenth of the produce) excepting only church lands, glebes and urban areas and was paid by leaseholders and occupiers of all religious denominations to the clergy of the Established Church of Ireland. There was growing resentment against this tax, especially by Presbyterians and Catholics, particularly in the period of distress after 1815 and the government was forced to give way and introduce the Tithe Composition Act 1823 which replaced payment in kind by payment in cash.
In order to effect this change, all agricultural land across the country was required to be surveyed and applotted, or valued. During the period 1823 to 1837, a Tithe Applotment Survey was made in each civil parish across the whole of Ireland to determine the value of tithe payable by different landholders. Two people were appointed by each parish to carry out this assessment. The material was arranged by civil parish and townland in volumes known as TITHE APPLOTMENT BOOKS.
In some parishes more than one survey was taken, whilst in others the manuscript has not survived. The books for all Ireland, compiled between 1823 and 1837, are now deposited in the National Archives of Ireland, Dublin and Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)., Belfast.
These tithe books are arranged by townland and record the names of leaseholders, the area of their farm subject to tithe, sometimes the quality of the land and an overall valuation and occasionally the names of landlords. Researchers should be aware that cottiers who did not hold land are not recorded, and unaccountably, some types of land were passed over entirely; a field of potatoes attracted a tithe payment in one parish, but not in that adjoining.
Those researchers who are fortunate to locate a forebear in the Tithe Applotment Books may find it possible to take their research back a further generation prior to Griffiths Valuation.
Images of original pages may be found here: The Tithe Applotment Books, 1823-37 (nationalarchives.ie)
OFFICIAL TOWNLANDS WITHIN FAHAN UPPER PARISH
Townland Townland Townland Townland Annaslee Ballynahone Birdstown Demesne Carnashannagh Carrontlieve Carrowmullin Castlequarter Craigtown Crislaghkeel Crislaghmore Drumadooey Figary Garvary Glebe Glebe Large Gortnaskea Letter Lisfannon Magherabeg Monreagh Roosky Tievebane
UNOFFICIAL TOWNLANDS AND SUBDENOMINATIONS RECORDED IN THE TITHE APPLOTMENT BOOK
Townland Townland Townland Anneybrack Balleney Ballyhays Calhame Carnshinnagh Carrick Cashel Castlequarter Castletown Craigtown Crislaghmore Crislaugh Sullagh Crislaughkeel Drumadoey Drummellan East Ballynahone: Quarterland of Carroncleve (Belonging to the Norman Family) Exteevlin Garvery Glack Glebe Gortnacrutt Gortnaskea Irishtown Kilmakelvenny Lisfannon Lisfannon Fagery Littur Lower Famelid Lower Green Hill Lower Rouskey Lusloughs Maggiestown Magherabeg Moneytinney Munreagh (part of Kilmakelveney Newton Buoy Pullamuck Quarterland of Carnamullon (Belonging to the Norman Family) The Barr The Marraghs Toobin Toobin Carragh Upper Famelid Upper Green Hill Upper Rouskey West Ballynahone (Quarterland of Carroncleve (Belonging to the Norman Family)
FAHAN UPPER PARISH TITHE APPLOTMENT BOOK
***ORIGINAL SPELLING HAS BEEN RETAINED***
Surname Given Name Townland ADAMS Joseph Craigtown ALEXANDER J. Castletown ALEXANDER William J. Castletown ALGOE Robert Cashel BARR Daniel Ballyhays BARR James Crislaugh Sullagh BARR James Gortnaskea BARRAN Widow Balleney BEATTY Archibald Calhame BEATTY Archibald Littur BEATTY William Littur BELL Joseph Glack BELL William (outside of Demesne) Balleney BELL William (within the Demesne) Balleney BRADLEY Peter Drummellan BRADLEY Peter Lower Green Hill BROWN James Cashel BUDDS William Drumadoey BUOY Henry Newton Buoy CALDWELL John East Ballynahone CAMPBELL Archibald Drumadoey CAMPBELL John Garvery CARGILL Thomas Garvery CARTER Arthur Upper Rouskey CLERK Widow East Ballynahone COCHRAN Joseph Crislaghmore COCHRAN James, Mr. Calhame COCHRAN Samuel, Mr. Calhame COCHRAN Samuel, Mr. Lusloughs COCHRAN Samuel Crislaghmore COYLE Henry Irishtown COYLE Hugh Irishtown COYLE James Exteevlin (part of Crislaugh Sullagh) COYLE John Gortnaskea COYLE Michael Glack COYLE Widow Irishtown CROSSAN John Lower Green Hill CRUMLISH Bryan Maggiestown CRUMLISH Bryan Pullamuck CRUMLISH Hugh Irishtown CRUMLISH Neal Pullamuck CUNNINGHAM Robert Toobin Carragh DAVIS Alexander Carnamullon DAVIS William Magherabeg DEENEY Edward Toobin DEENEY James Cashel DERRY Lord Bishop of Lower Famelid DERRY Lord Bishop of Moneytinney DERRY Lord Bishop of The Barr (part of Kilmakelvenny) DEVENNY John Toobin Carragh DIXON James Gortnaskea DIXON Joseph Upper Famelid DIXON Robert Upper Green Hill DOHERTY Charles Lisfannon Fagery DOHERTY Con. Garvery DOHERTY Daniel Balleney DOHERTY Daniel Castlequarter DOHERTY Daniel Toobin Carragh DOHERTY Denis Balleney DOHERTY Dudley Anneybrack DOHERTY George Castlequarter DOHERTY Hugh Anneybrack DOHERTY James Drumadoey DOHERTY James Exteevlin (part of Crislaugh Sullagh) DOHERTY John Lisfannon DOHERTY John Upper Famelid DOHERTY John West Ballynahone DOHERTY Manus Kilmakelvenny DOHERTY Michael Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) DOHERTY Neal Drumadoey DOHERTY Neal Exteevlin (part of Crislaugh Sullagh) DOHERTY Neal Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) DOHERTY Pat. Anneybrack DOHERTY Pat. Lisfannon DOHERTY Pat. Lisfannon DOHERTY Pat. Newton Buoy DOHERTY Pat. Pullamuck DOHERTY Philip Lisfannon DOHERTY Roger Exteevlin (part of Crislaugh Sullagh) DOHERTY Widow Anneybrack DOHERTY Widow Kilmakelvenny DOHERTY Widow (now Widow MORRIN) Castlequarter DOHERTY William Anneybrack DOHERTY William Crislaugh Sullagh DOHERTY William Garvery DOHERTY William Kilmakelvenny DONAGHY John Glack DONALD Hugh Moneytinney DONALD James Lower Famelid DOWLING William Lower Rouskey DUNLOP John Garvery DUNLOP Samuel Garvery DUNLOP William Garvery FALCONDER James Crislaugh Sullagh FERGUSON John Craigtown FERGUSON Robert Lisfannon FERGUSON Samuel Lisfannon FINLEY Robert Lisfannon FINLEY Thomas Carnamullon FOSTER James Garvery FOSTER John Glack FOSTER Robert Garvery GALLAGHER James Exteevlin (part of Crislaugh Sullagh) GALLAHER Pat. Toobin GALLAHER Widow Drumadoey GAMBLE William East Ballynahone GARROW George East Ballynahone GARROW John East Ballynahone GIBSON Charles Magherabeg GIBSON James Lower Famelid GIBSON John Crislaughkeel GIBSON John West Ballynahone GIBSON Mrs. The Glebe GIBSON Mrs. Crislaughkeel GIBSON Stephen Lower Famelid GIBSON Stephen Lower Rouskey GIBSON Stephen West Ballynahone GILL George Drumadoey GILL Jack Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) GILLEN Charles Magherabeg GILLEN James Newton Buoy GILLEN James Upper Rouskey GILLESPIE William Irishtown GILLINGHAM James Lower Rouskey GILLINGHAM Jo. Castletown GILLINGHAM Lydia Lower Rouskey GILLINGHAM Miss Lower Famelid GLEN William Carnamullon GLEN William Lisfannon GLEN William West Ballynahone GRANNY Pat. The Marraghs GRANY James Irishtown GRIMES John East Ballynahone HAMILTON Rev. D. Carnamullon HAMILTON Rev. William Lower Famelid HANEY? William Drumadoey HEATH Mrs. Carnamullon HEATH Mrs. Castlequarter HEGARTY Daniel Toobin HEGARTY Hugh Moneytinney HEGARTY Hugh The Marraghs HEGARTY James The Marraghs HEGARTY Michael The Marraghs HEGARTY Pat. Moneytinney HEGARTY Pat. The Marraghs HEGARTY Patrick Cashel HEGARTY Widow The Marragh HUFFINGTON Mr. Lisfannon HUTCHINSON Jacob East Ballynahone HUTCHINSON Joseph East Ballynahone KEARNEY Charles Drumadoey KEARNEY Widow Drumadoey KERLIN Edward Gortnacrutt KERR Owen East Ballynahone KERR Widow Toobin KILPATRICK Thomas Kilmakelvenny LAFFERTY James Garvery LANNIGAN Pat. Newton Buoy LONGWOOD Robert Lisfannon LOUGHREY Pat., Jun. Toobin LOUGHREY Pat., Sen. Toobin LYNCH George Drumadoey LYNCH George Gortnacrutt LYNCH Pat. Cashel MAGINNESS Daniel Cashel MARSHALL William Lisfannon MATHEWS Andrew Castlequarter MATHEWS William Castlequarter MAXWELL Rev. P.B. Drumadoey MCCALLISTER Dennis Drumadoey MCCAMEY? John East Ballynahone MCCARRON Manus Lisfannon MCCARTER James Drummellan MCCARTER John Garvery MCCARTER Joseph Drummellan MCCARTER William Drumadoey MCCLAY Andrew Crislaughkeel MCCLAY James Crislaughkeel MCCLAY James Magherabeg MCCLELLAND William Cashel MCCLELLAND William Upper Green Hill MCCORKELL Widow East Ballynahone MCDAID Hugh Garvery MCDAID John Drumadoey MCDAID Ned Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCDAID William Dunmellan MCDAID William Garvery MCELHINNEY John Garvery MCFAWN Robert Garvery MCGILAWAY James Cashel MCGILAWAY John Cashel MCGOWAN John Gortnaskea MCGOWAN John Gortnaskea MCILHINNEY Thomas Cashel MCLAUGHLIN Charles Lower Famelid MCLAUGHLIN Cornelius The Barr (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN Daniel Calhame MCLAUGHLIN Daniel Lower Famelid MCLAUGHLIN Daniel Newton Buoy MCLAUGHLIN Donald Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN Hugh Calhame MCLAUGHLIN Hugh Littur (Letter) MCLAUGHLIN John Anneybrack MCLAUGHLIN John Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN Pat. Calhame MCLAUGHLIN Pat. East Ballynahone MCLAUGHLIN Pat. Moneytinney MCLAUGHLIN Philip The Barr (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN Roger Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN William Lower Famelid MCLAUGHLIN William Munreagh (part of Kilmakelvenny) MCLAUGHLIN William The Barr (part of Kilmakelvenny] MCLOUGHREY James Toobin MCLUCAS Archibald Toobin Carragh MCMULLEN John Garvery MCNAGHT John Upper Famelid MCNAUGHT James Moneytinney MCNICHOL James Carrick MCNICHOL John Carrick MCNUTT James Kilmakelvenny MCNUTT James West Ballynahone MCNUTT John Carnshinnagh MCNUTT Samuel Carnshinnagh MCNUTT Thomas Garvery MCNUTT Thos? Lower Famelid MCNUTT William Magherabeg MCNUTT William Toobin MCSHEFFRY Andrew Lower Green Hill MCSHEFFRY James Maggiestown MCSHEFFRY John Drumadoey MCSWINE Pat. Carnamullon MILLER Robert Craigtown MONTGOMERY Robert Kilmakelvenny MOONEY Charles Drumadoey MOONEY Robert Garvery MOORE David Toobin Carragh MORAN William Lower Green Hill MURRAY Mrs. Carnshinnagh O’BRIEN Pat. Toobin O’DONNELL Con. Crislaugh Sullagh PLATT Widow Margaret Upper Rouskey QUIGLEY James & partners Magherabeg QUIGLEY John Magherabeg QUIGLEY William Cashel QUIGLEY William Toobin RAMSEY Henry Castletown RAMSEY Henry Lower Famelid RAMSEY James Crislaugh Sullagh RAMSEY Robert Crislaugh Sullagh RICHEY John Drumadoey RISK George (now Widow MCCLELLAND) Lisfannon RISK J....? Lisfannon RODDY Hugh (from John MCNUTT) Carnshinnagh ROSS Samuel East Ballynahone SCHOALES Miss Carnamullon SHEILS Widow West Ballynahone SMITH Archy. Kilmakelvenny STEWART James East Ballynahone STEWART John Kilmakelvenny THOMPSON William Carnamullon TOLAN John Castletown VANCE James Ballyhays VANCE Thomas Lisfannon WALLACE John Carnshinnagh WALLACE Moses Carnshinnagh WALLACE Mrs. Kilmakelvenny WATT John Irishtown WATT Robert Irishtown WHIRRISKEY William Garvery WHYTE John West Ballynahone WILEY Moses (under Samuel MCNUTT) Carnshinnagh WITHEROW John Carnamullon WRIGHT Thomas Balleney
Extract from an earlier tithe applotment book:
Given under our hands this 24th day of July in the year of our Lord 1749
Edward Ledwich, Rector
Richard Leslie, Curate
Christopher Platt, Churchwarden
James McNaght, Churchwarden
James Ross, Churchwarden Elect
Thos. Bartley, Churchwarden Elect
Commissioners: John Dysart, Burt & Robert Howard Nolan, City of Londonderry