The copy here published is preserved in the Manuscripts of Trinity College, Dublin, where it is classed F. 1, 14. It extends over thirty-four pages octavo. On the two first are the names of all the Colonels on the four following are the Rolls of the Eight Regiments of Horse; on the next four are the Rolls of the six of Dragoons. The remaining twenty-four record the Infantry. The officers of each company are arranged in columns headed respectively Captains, Lieutenants, Cornets or Ensigns, and Quarter- Masters. Under that of Captains, the Colonels, Lieutenant-Colonels, and Majors, are usually classed. Under the others, the entries appear seriatim, and in line, as this list was then filled up. It bears no date, but while, on inspecting many of the original commissions, some few, as that of Captain George Chamberlain, are of December, 1688; and a great number on the 8th of March, being near the close of that year, but four days before the King's landing at Kinsale; others are of later appointment, as that of James Carroll, to a Captaincy in Lord Dongan's Dragoons, is of the 30th of July following. It would therefore seem to have been closed, in its present state, about the August of 1689, and before the whole force was completed. The only point that could militate with such an assignment of date, is the fact of Richard Talbot being described upon it as an Earl, whereas his patent to the Dukedom was granted on the 10th of July in that year; but its having been a current and continuing muster may account for this. On this list the Horse had the highest pay, and were therefore classed first of the Cavalry.
The Dragoons, having to do duty on foot as well as on horseback, were lighter troops than the Horse in these times. The three first of the Horse Regiments, viz.: Tyrconnel's, Galmoy's, and Sarsfield's, had each nine troops with fifty-three men in each troop ; the five last had each six troops, with the same complement of men in each. Three of the Dragoons, viz. : Lord Dongan's, the first, Sir Neill O'Neill's, the second, and Colonel Simon Luttrell's, the fourth, had each eight troops with sixty men in each ; the remainder had six troops in each regiment, and sixty men in each troop. The regiments of Infantry had thirteen companies in each, and sixty-three men in each company.
The levies were conducted with such enthusiasm, that the force in this list was raised, armed, and clothed in less than six weeks, and may be truly said to comprise scions of the whole aristocracy of Ireland at that period, as well of the native Irish septs as of the Anglo-Irish.
The 10th April, 1690, which King James issued commission for applotting £20,000 per month on personal estates and the benefit of trade and traffic, "according to the ancient custom of this Kingdom used in time of danger." Of this tax he appointed the following assessors for the County of Tyrone; The High Sheriff pro temp., the Provost of Strabane pro temp, the Provost of Dungannon pro temp. Captain Terence Donnelly, Patrick Donnelly, Hugh Quinn, and John Clements, Esquires. Their applotment, £1,492 4s. for the three months.
In 1618, James, the second Earl of Abercorn, eldest son of the first, was created Lord Hamilton, Baron of Strabane; which honour was however, on his Lordship's petition, transferred to his next brother, the Honourable Claud Hamilton, who had married a daughter of the first Marquis of Huntly, and died in 1638, leaving by her Sir James, his eldest son. Lord Strabane, who was drowned in 1655; when the title devolved upon Claud, the fourth Lord Strabane, and fifth Earl of Abercorn, he having been the son and heir of George Hamilton, (the brother of James) by a sister of Richard Fagan of Feltrim, hereafter mentioned, a Captain in the Royal Regiment of Infantry; and this Earl Claud was the Colonel of the present Regiment of Horse. Other sons of James, the first Earl of Abercorn, besides James the second Earl, and Claude the third, were Sir William Hamilton, who died s. p., and George of Dunalong, created a Baronet of Ireland in 1660, for his services to the Royal cause.
The Acts of Settlement and Explanation, in 1662-5, contained a saving for arrears due to this Sir George, and also an appropriation of one third of the estate of Sir Nicholas Plunkett for him. In 1673, he was commissioned by the Earl of Essex, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, on the King's order, to recruit a Regiment of Infantry for the service of France, which was ultimately raised and did active duty under Turenne on the Rhine, in that year and the ensuing.
The Colonel at present under consideration attended King James from France to Ireland; on his arrival in Dublin, was sworn of the Privy Council, and sat in the Parliament of 1689. He was engaged in Lord Mount-Cashel's unsuccessful expedition against the Enniskilleners, and was wounded on that occasion.
On the 28th of April, 1688, when James Hamilton, who afterwards succeeded to the Peerage, had brought arms and ammunition into Derry, this Lord Claud, says Walker, in his work on the siege, "came up to our walls, making us many proposals and offering his King's pardon, protection, and favour, if we would surrender the town; but these fine words had no place with the Garrison." After the defeat at the Boyne, when the Duke of Berwick sought to rally about 7,000 foot at Brazeel, near Dublin, three of the troops, sent out by King James to cover his retreat, were of Abercorn's Horse. This colonel himself subsequently embarked for France with James, but lost his life on the voyage. He was attainted in 1691, the earliest act of his treason having been assigned to the 1st of March, 1688. The Inquisition held on his outlawry at Strabane, finds him to have been seized of an immense tract of townlands in the County of Tyrone, with sundry chief rents and tenements. On his attainder, the estates and title of Strabane became forfeited, but the Earldom descended to his brother Charles, who, further obtaining a reversal of Lord Claud's outlawry, succeeded to the restored title of Strabane, and died in 1701 without issue, when the honours and estates devolved upon his kinsman.
JAMES HAMILTON: who had been in the military service and confidence of James the Second, but, espousing the cause of William, took, as before suggested, a distinguished part at the siege of Derry against his former master. He arrived in that city on the 20th of March, 1688, from England, with arms and ammunition for the citizens, and a Commission for Colonel Lundy to be Governor; whereupon William and Mary were proclaimed the sovereigns in that city. In June, 1690, previous to the battle of the Boyne, this James Hamilton was recommended to the especial notice of Sir Robert Southwell, then King William's Irish Secretary, by a letter from Colonel Fitz-patrick, in which he said, "the bearer hereof, Colonel James Hamilton, married the Earl of Monmouth's sister ; he has the best estate of all the Hamiltons in the North of Ireland, is a very rational and well affected gentleman, and as such I recommend him to you. If there be any occasion to employ such men, you will find him an honest sober man."On the death of Colonel Lord Claud in 1701, this latter individual succeeded to the titles, and in 1706 took his seat in the Scottish Parliament. Ireland however was his usual place of residence, and of that realm he was in December, 1701, created Baron Mountcastle and Viscount Strabane. He had married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Reading, Baronet, of Dublin, by whom he had nine sons and four daughters, and died in November, 1784.
There were various other Hamiltons concerned at each side in this unfortunate Civil War. On James's side were also, BRIGADIER GENERAL RICHARD HAMILTON, of whose policy, the Commissioners, who were sent over to St. Germains to complain of Tyrconnel, expressed great dissatisfaction, they considering it temporising. His name appears on the establishment of 1687-8, as one of the Brigadiers on pay of £497 10s. He was a Roman Catholic, the fifth son of the aforesaid Sir George Hamilton of Donalong, and had served with considerable reputation in France; but was banished from that country on account of his unpardonably aspiring addresses to the Princess de Conti, the daughter of the French King. He was the officer whom Tyrconnel entrusted with the command of 2,500 men, to make head against the rebels in Ulster, and whose partial success against them at Dromore, and forcing them back to Coleraine, was the first auspicious intelligence which King James learned on his arrival in Dublin. He forced the pass at Clareford, " his horse swimming across the water, because the enemy had broke the bridge: "and had afterwards the important confidential command of the army besieging Deny. On the 15th June, 1689, he caused the boom to be drawn across the Foyle, to prevent the entry of expected vessels for the relief of that city. It was by his advice King James took the precaution of stationing Sir Neill O'Neill, with his Dragoons, at the ford of the Boyne near Slane and on the day of the battle he led a Regiment of Infantry to the very margin of that river, to oppose the passage of King William's forces. In the last charge, he was routed, wounded and taken prisoner. On the close of the campaign he betook himself to France, where, in 1696, at Calais, the Royal Exile, possibly under some expectation of an invasion for the assertion of his restoration, confirmed him Lieutenant-General of his forces, and in a few days after appointed him Master of the Robes. Leslie says that throughout his "service in Ulster he zealously protected the Protestants, and kept his soldiers under strict discipline!"
Another officer of this name and service, but not commissioned on this Roll, though afterwards appointed the Lieutenant-Colonel of Lord Mount-Cashel's Infantry, was COLONEL ANTHONY COUNT HAMILTON. He had distinguished himself in the command of the Regiment which his father, Sir George Hamilton of Dunalong, had, as before mentioned, raised in 1673, and was honoured with the rank of Major-General by the French King. In 1676, he served under the Duke of Luxemburg in Alsace.
He had a brother the more remarkable and truly gallant GEORGE COUNT HAMILTON of whom, although not strictly within the proposed scope of these Illustrations, it may be said that, having been, some years previous to this Civil War, banished on account of his persecuted creed from the Court of Charles the Second, he commanded an Irish Regiment under Louis the Fourteenth, and was engaged in the campaigns of 1673-5 under Marshal Turenne. In the latter year, when Turenne fell by a cannon ball, the French army was saved from utter destruction by this gallant Irishman, as very fully and graphically detailed in O'Conor's 'Recollections of Switzerland.' In 1676, he was serving under the Prince de Conde; but on the march towards Sauverne, was killed in the neighbourhood of Zebernstieg, with a large part of the three Regiments which he commanded, and but for whose gallant conduct the French would, as on the former occasion, have been entirely cut down.
So numerous nevertheless were the Hamiltons, who espoused the cause of King William, even before his coming over to Ireland, that, in King James's Parliament of May, 1689, no less than forty-six of the name were attainted or otherwise proscribed. Colonel Gustavus Hamilton, it may be mentioned, particularly distinguished himself for William at the battle of the Boyne; and yet more signally by wading through the Shannon, and storming the town of Athlone, at the head of the English Grenadiers.
George Hamilton, fifth son of the Earl of Selkirk, likewise distinguished himself at the Boyne under the same Monarch, as well as at Aughrim in 1691, at Steenkirk in 1692, and at Landen in the following year. By reason of all which and other military achievements, he was in 1695 advanced to the Peerage as Earl of Orkney, and had grants of a considerable proportion of the private estates of King James in Ireland. In 1704, he acquitted himself heroically at the battle of Blenheim; in 1706, was at the siege of Menin; in 1708, commanded the van of the army at the passing of the Scheldt, assisted at the siege of Tournay, was at the battle of Malplaqnet, and rendered numerous other services, which were rewarded with a succession of honours to the time of his death in 1736.
In 1691, the outlawries of this year exhibit the names of the above Earl of Abercorn, Darby Hamilton of Athlone; John, Richard, and Anthony Hamilton of Dublin ; Robert of Hamilton's-Bawn, County of Armagh ; and Richard and John Hamilton of Pennyburn-Mill, County of Londonderry. In 1693, a petition was got up on behalf of the British Protestants of Ireland, setting forth their services in establishing English Government, and suggesting that, as intentions were avowed by certain outlawed exiles, of bringing writs of error to reverse their attainders, the petitioners therefore prayed securities from the Legislature against any such attempts.
This document was signed by James Hamilton, M. P. for the Borough of Tullamore, another James Hamilton, one of the Representatives of the County of Down, and Hans Hamilton, M. P. for Killileagh. At the Court of Claims in 1700, the charges which were sought to be established against this Earl of Abercorn's estates were, by William Hamilton, who claimed, and was allowed, as "grandson and heir of William, who was son and heir of William Hamilton, "a fee farm by descent in the Tyrone lands forfeited by the Earl. James Hamilton senior, claimed and was allowed sundry other interests therein, as was also John Hamilton; while Lady Elizabeth, Baroness Dowager of Strabane, claimed dower thereoff; and many creditors and sub-lessees petitioned for the benefit of their several interests. Colonel Gustavus Hamilton also sought and was allowed the amount of sundry bond-debts against this estate. On the same occasion, Anne Hamilton, widow of Sir Robert Hamilton, Knight, and others, as Executors of James Hamilton deceased, claimed and were allowed a judgment debt charged on the estates of Valentine Russell attainted.
The Act that in 1612 confiscated Ulster by the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his confederates, included Murtogh O'Quinn, “late of Dungannon,' and Teigue Modder O'Quinn of the same place. Cromwell's memorable Ordinance of 1652 excepted from pardon for life and estate Brien Modder O'Quynne, and Turlogh Groom O'Quynne of Monagowre, in the County of Tyrone; while Mr. John Quinn was one of the twenty-four whom Ireton condemned to die on the capitulation of Limerick. Captain Thady Quinn was attainted in 1691, when his estates in the County of Limerick became vested in the Crown. The other Outlawries were of William Quin of Dublin, Richard Quinn of Athy, Hugh Me Turlogh O'Quin of Cornetule, and Brian Oge Mac Turlogh O'Quin of Glunoe, County of Tyrone.
The Act of 1612, for the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his adherents, included John Bathe of Dunalong, County of Tyrone, and John Bath, late of Drogheda, merchant.
O'NEILL'S DRAGOONS (pg 301)
A similar policy prompted James the First to take under his especial care Con O'Neill, the son of the newly created Earl of Tyrone; and Royal disbursements appear on the Poll Rolls of that time, as for "£51 for so much money expended for the apparel, bedding, and other necessaries, provided for the education and bringing up of Con O'Neill ;" another "for £20 5s. for his expenses one quarter, at Eton College.
The Attainders of 1642 include James 'O'Neale' of Feltrim, and Thomas Neale of Athy ; while, in the Assembly of Confederate Catholics, four years afterwards, sat Henry O'Neill of Kilboy, Phelim O'Neill of Morly, and Turlough O'Neill of Ardgonnell. The Declaration of Royal gratitude in 1662, as "for services beyond the seas," notices Con O'Neill of Ardgonnell, County of Armagh ; and Captain John O'Neill of Carrick, County of Tipperary. In 1687, Sir Bryan O'Neill was appointed a Justice of the King's Bench ; at which time Sir Neill O'Neill raised this Regiment at his own expense. Besides him and Lieutenant Henry in his Regiment, there are on this Army List four other O'Neills, Colonels of Infantry ; viz. Cormuck O'Neill, Gordon O'Neill, Felix O'Neill, and Henry O'Neill. The name further appears commissioned in other Regiments; as,—in Sarsfield's Horse, Daniel O'Neill was a Captain ;—in Lord Dongan's Dragoons, Cormuck and Daniel O'Neill were Captains, and Arthur a Lieutenant ;—in the Earl of Antrim's Infantry, Hugh O'Neill was a Captain, John, Bryan, and a second John, Lieutenants, and Francis and Turlough O'Neill were Ensigns.—In Lord Bellew's, Henry and Hugh O'Neill were Captains ;— in Colonel Cormuck O'Neill's, Felix, James, Bryan, and Con O'Neill were Captains, Thomas and Henry, Lieutenants, and Art O'Neill an Ensign.
I am sending down," wrote King James to General Richard Hamilton before Derry, on the 10th of May, 1689, the day after the meeting of his Parliament of Dublin, " Sir Neill O'Neill's Dragoons into the Counties of Down and Antrim I think it absolutely necessary you should not let any more men come out of Derry, but for intelligence or some extraordinary occasion; for they may want provisions, and would be glad to rid themselves of useless mouths." Accordingly, early in the campaign this Regiment signalized itself in Down and Antrim, and afterwards at the siege of Derry, where a Lieutenant Con O'Neill was killed. In the Parliament of 1689, Constantine O'Neill was one of the Representatives for the Borough of Armagh, as was Cormuck O'Neill for the County of Antrim, Daniel O'Neill for Lisburn, Toole O'Neill for Killileagh, Arthur O'Neill of Ballygawly for Dungannon, and Colonel Gordon O'Neill for the County of Tyrone.
The Attainders of 1691 include of this name Richard, Earl of Tyrone; Bryan O'Neill of Dublin, Baronet; Henry, Gordon, Hugh, and Philip O'Neill, also of Dublin ; Arthur of Ballygawley, County of Tyrone ; Constantine of Armagh, Cormuck of Brookshane, County of Antrim ; Daniel of Belfast, Toole of Drominwilly, County of Down ; Arthur of Ballyduff, King's County ; Brian of Ballinacor, County of Wicklow ; Henry 'Neal' of Drogheda, clerk ; Daniel Neal of Ballycamond, County of Carlow; James ' Neel' of Clonegal, Do.; Cam O'Neill of Loughmore, County of Antrim ; Gordon O'Neill of Crea, County of Tyrone ; Cormuck of Kilultagh, Felix and Michael of Killellagh, County of Antrim ; and this Sir Neill O'Neill, described as also of said Killellagh ; Shane O'Neill of Creevecarnow, and Murtough of Tullylish, County of Down ; John of Fallagh, Owen of Brenton, Turlough, James, and Francis of Fintona, all in the County of Tyrone ; Paul and Phelemy of Ballymacully, Charles of Derrynoose, and Terence of Aghnagrahan, all in the County of Armagh.
The Act that, in 1612, confiscated Ulster by the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his confederates, included Murtogh O'Quinn, 'late of Dungannon', and Teigue Modder O'Quinn of the same place. Cromwell's memorable Ordinance of 1652 excepted from pardon for life and estate Brien Modder O'Quynne, and Turlogh Groom O'Quynne of Monagowre, in the County of Tyrone; while Mr. John Quinn was one of the twenty-four whom Ireton condemned to die on the capitulation of Limerick.
CAPTAINS ART, CORMUCK AND DANIEL O'HAGAN This ancient Sept were Chiefs of Tullaghoge, within the present Barony of Dungannon, County of Tyrone. They were amongst those hereditary Tanists who assisted at the inauguration of the O'Neills, successive Princes of that country ; and Sir Nicholas Malby, in a Report on the state of Ireland which he made to Queen Elizabeth in 1579, describes this O'Hagan as one of the principal men of note in that country. True to the O'Neill, they attended him subsequently in the Munster war, and were engaged at the battle of Kinsale. The Act of 1612 for the attainder of this great Chief accordingly included, in the visitation of its penalties, John Opanty O'Hagan, late of Dungannon, with Henry and Teigue O'Hagan of the same place. The above officers are described in the Inquisition taken on their attainder, Art as of Dungannon, and Cormuck and Daniel of the County of Londonderry. Five others of this Sept were then likewise outlawed in the latter County.
LIEUTENANT JOHN MORGAN One of this name was an Ensign in Fitz-James's Infantry. Three Morgans were attainted in 1642. At the battle of Newberry, fought in 1643, a Colonel Morgan was killed on the Royalist side ; while at Aughrim fell a Lieutenant-Colonel of the name. The Morgans attainted in 1692 were Joseph of Cookstown, and Edward of Drogheda, merchant
COLONEL CORMUCK O'NEILL'S INFANTRY
The Attainders of 1691 enumerate, with Captain Francis, described as of Pennyburn-Mill, County of Derry, and Captain Roger ' Keigh' O'Cahane of Connajteile, County of Tyrone, twelve others of the Sept. After the capitulation of Limerick, Lord Iveagh brought over a body of the expatriated soldiers to France, who were sent thence, as before mentioned, under the command of Colonel McDonnell for the service of the Emperor of Austria in Hungary. He employed them against the Turks, by whom they were so severely handled, that the remnant was drafted into other corps of the Imperial army. Of these suffering Irish refugees were two O'Cahanes, whose Petitions to King William, " that they, being sick, might safely repair to Ireland, their natural soil," have been noted as in the Southwell Manuscripts.
REGIMENTS OF INFANTRY COLONEL GORDON O'NEILL'S This force is wholly unofficered on the present Army List. The Appendix to King's State of the Protestants names, from a subsequent Muster Roll, Con O'Neill as its Lieutenant-Colonel, and Henry O'Neill as its Major. Colonel Gordon was son of the celebrated Sir Phelim O'Neill of Kinard or Caledon, County of Tyrone ; and was by James the Second appointed Lord Lieutenant of that county, which he also represented in the Parliament of 1689. In his military service, he, by the order of his Lieutenant-General, Richard Hamilton, proclaimed protection "for all such as would submit themselves, and lay down their arms, and peaceably live in their own dwellings." At the battle of Aughrim he ranked as a Brigadier, where he was left for dead on the field ; but "being recognized the following day by some Scotch officers, connected with him through his mother (who was of the noble house of Gordon in Scotland), they had him kindly attended to, till he recovered of his wounds. After gaining his liberty he followed the Irish army to the continent, where he served as Colonel of a Regiment, which, in compliment to him, was called the Charlemont." Of that Brigaded Regiment, Hugh McMahon was Lieutenant-Colonel, and Edmund Murphy Major.
LIEUTENANT BRYAN McCANN THE McCanns were chiefs of Hy Breasail, an ancient territory on the borders of Armagh and Tyrone, near Lough Neagh. In 1189, (say the Four Masters) died Echmilidh, son of McCan, ' the delight and happiness of all Tyrone.' In 1212, the death of Donogh MacCan, Chief of the Sept, is recorded. Five of this family were slain in the Munster war of Elizabeth's time, at the battle of Kinsale.
In Coric Abbey, County of Tyrone, is a monument commemorating Captain Cormac Conway, who fought for King James at Aughrim.
A LIST OF COMMISSIONS received and delivered by Mr. Sheridan since the Earl of Tyrconnel's coming Lord Deputy of Ireland. February 12th, 168f, for the Lord Sunderland till June 21st, 1687.
|RUSSELL||Theo.||Lieut.-Col & Colonel|
COMMISSIONS OF HORSE
|NUGENT||John||Cornet & Lieutenant|
COMMISSIONS OF FOOT
COMMISSIONS WHICH PAID IN ENGLAND
COMMISSIONS EXCHANGED, FOR WHICH NO FEES PAID
|GRACE||Colonel||Governor of Athlone|
|BRYAN||James||Ensign (erased in the original)|
COMMISSIONS NOT DELIVERED, STOPPED, OR RECALLED, ETC.