County Tyrone Ireland Genealogy Research

Official Website of the CoTyroneIreland.com Mailing List



Things Genealogists Need To Know

Transcribed by Teena


WORDS GENEALOGISTS NEED TO KNOW

ABSTRACT- A summary of the important parts or points of a document

AHNETAFEL-pedigree a table of contants )(german word)

CONSANGUINITY- State of being related by blood or descended from a common ancestor

PROJENITOR- Ancestor in the direct line forefather

INDENTURE- Agreement in writing between 2 or more parties wgich was then cut or torn on a jagged line, each party receiving one section that could be matched frequently used in a colony or where loans of money were made.

CONSORT Spouse (husband or wife)

REDEMPTIONER Person who sold his service for a period of 2 years to pay for his ship's passage

EMIGRANT- one who leaves one place or country to settle in another

IMMIGRANT- One who enters a new Country and settles there.

RELICT- Widow or widower

FREEMEN- In tax and other records, unmarried men of age 21 and older, free of family obligations, so taxed as a single man.

1752 A Date To Remember

In the middle of the 18th Century 2 Changes were made to the English Calender.

The 1st change - and the one most important to genealogists- moved the official state of the New Year from 25 March (Lady Day) to 1st January. This changed January, February & March from being the last 3 months of the old year to being the 1st 3 months of the New Year.

The 2nd change - by losing 11 days in September, was from the Julian Calender to the Grwgoian. This brought England in line with the rest of Europe, where the Gregorian system had been in use since 1582.

The correct procedure is to transcribe the dates in both Old Style & New 5Fee. O.S. should be written 5 Feb 1626/7

Genealogical EVIDENCE

PRIMARY EVIDENCE
This is evidence obtained from original records- documents of statements made close tot he time of occurance by a trustworthy witness.

SECONDARY EVIDENCE
This is evidence recorded much later than the event or by someone not present at the event.

DIRECT EVIDENCE
Anything that states certain facts with the specific purpose of proving those facts.

INDIRECT EVIDENCE
Only implies a fact.

PERPONDERANCE of EVIDENCE
This is established when there is no direct evidence of a fact but a number of primary sources of information make that conclusion more likely than any other.

Acronyms & Initials For Genealogists
admin. - administration; administrator
Admon. - letters of administration
Ag. Lab. - Agricultural Labourer (British censuses)
AGLL- American Genealogical Lending Library
A.K.A - also known as
Al-Alien
AOH- Ancient Order of Hibernians
APG - Association of Professional Genealogists

Beh.-beheaded
Beq-bequest, bequeathed
bio- biography
BLW- Bounty Land Warrant
BTY- By The Way
Bap or Chr - baptised / christened

C., Ca.-circa (about)
CC - County Clerk; county court, county commissioner; company commander
CCP - Court of Common Pleas
Cem.-cemetery
Cen.-census
Cent.-century
Comm. - commissioners
CRA - Church Records Archives

DAR - Daughters of the American Revolution
D.B.- Deed Book
D.C.E. .-Writ of diem clausit extremum (he has closed his last day)
Dec'd, Decd.-deceased
D.S.P - died without issue

En - engineer
Ens.-Ensign
Exs. - executors
Exuc. - executrix; a female executor

FGS-Family Group Sheets
FGS - Federation of Genealogical Societies F
&AM-Free and Accepted Masons
FHC - Family History Center
FHL - Family History Library

GEDCOM - GEnealogical Data COMmunication
GOONS - Guild of One Name Studies
Govt-Government

HSA - Huguenot Society of America

Ibid. - [Latin] ibidem; same (reference)
IGS - Irish Genealogical Society
IMHO - In My Humble Opinion ( electronic communication, in general)
IMNSHO - In My Not So Humble Opinion ( electronic communication, in general
IOF-Independant Order of Foresters
IOOF- Order of Odd Fellows
ISBN- Internationa Standard Book Number
IGI- International Genealogical Index
I.P.M..-Inquisition post mortem
IRC- International Reply Coupon

JP - Justice of the Peace
Jr., jun. junior (younger of two)

K. of C.-Knights of Columbus
K.G.-Knight of the Garter
K.of P- Knights of Pythias
KT- Knights Templar

LC - Library of Congress
LDS- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints
Lieut. - lieutenant
LMA - London Metropolitan Archives

Matric-matriculated (entered and recorded at college or university)
MI - Monumental Inscription (on tombstones)
MS., MSS.-manuscript, manuscripts
NA - Naturalized
NARA - National Archives and Records Administration
NEHGS - New England Historic Genealogical Society
NGS - National Genealogical Society
NIGR - National Institute of Genealogical Research
NINA - No Irish need apply (Used in Newspaer ads.)
nunc. -nuncupative (oral, as opposed to written)

Obit. - obituary
Ord. - ordained; ordinance; order; ordinary

P.C.-Privy Council
PLB - Poor Law Board
Propr- proprietor (land owner)

Rev. War - Revolutionary War

SASE - Self addressed stamped envelope
Sen.or Sr. - senior (elder of two)
SKS - Some Kind Soul
SoG - Society of Genealogists (London)
Src. - source
Suc. - succeeded (followed)
Suo juris-in his (her) right
Surg. - surgeon
Surv. - survived
TAG- The American Geneaologist
Twp- township
U.K. - United Kingdom
UPS- United Parcel Service
Ux.- uxor or uxoris, wife
WASP- White Anglo Saxon Protestant

COUNTRY ABBREVIATIONS
AUS
Australia
AUT
Austria
BEL
Belgium
BRA
Brazil
BRB
Barbados
CAN
Canada
CHE
Switzerland
CHI
Channel Islands
COL
Columbia
CZE
Czech Republic
DEU
Germany
ENG
England
FRA
France
HUN
Hungary
IRL
Ireland
IOM
Isle of Man
ITA
Italy
LBN
Lebanon
LKA
Sri Lanka
LTU
Lithunia
LUX
Luxemburg
MEX
Mexico
MOZ
Mozambique
NLD
Netherlands
NZL
New Zealand
NOR
Norway
PER
Peru
POL
Poland
SCT
Scotland
SWE
Sweden
SVK
Slovakia
THA
Thailand
UKI
United Kingdom
UKR
Ukraine
USA
United States
WLS
Wales
ZAF
South Africa
ZMB
Zambia


CANADIAN PROVINCES ABBREVIATIONS
AB Alberta
BC British Columbia
MB Manitoba
NB New Brunswick
NF Newfoundland
NS Nova Scotia
NT Northwest Territories
ON Ontario
PE Prince Edward Island
QC Quebec
SK Saskatchewan
YT Yukon

UNITED STATES ABBREVIATIONS
AL Alabama
AK Alaska
AZ Arizona
AR Arkansas
CA California
CZ Canal Zone
CO Colorado
CT Connecticut
DE Delaware
DC Dist of Columbia
FL Florida
GA Georgia
GU Guam
HI Hawaii
ID Idaho
IL Illinois
IN Indiana
IA Iowa
KS Kansas
KY Kentucky
LA Louisiana
ME Maine
MD Maryland
MA Massachusetts
MI Michigan
MN Minnesota
MS Mississippi
MO Missouri
MT Montana
NE Nebraska
NV Nevada
NH New Hampshire
NJ New Jersey
NM New Mexico
NY New York
NC North Carolina
ND North Dakota
OH Ohio
OK Oklahoma
OR Oregon
PA Pennsylvania
PR Puerto Rico
RI Rhode Island
SC South Carolina
SD South Dakota
TN Tennessee
TX Texas
UT Utah
VT Vermont
VA Virginia
VI Virgin Islands
WA Washington
WV West Virginia
WI Wisconsin
WY Wyoming